Professor Mark Csele

Kitchen Cabinets

We bought a new camping trailer which arrived early in 2017.  It is an elegant-looking machine, with beautiful cabinets … so much so that we realized it was time to update our 20+ year old kitchen cabinets.  This page chronicles the project from start to finish.

 

 

Prototyping the Doors

The project began with construction of prototype doors for all cabinets.  The style chosen was an arts & crafts style just a bit fancier than shaker style but still somewhat simple and lacking sharp edges.  All frame pieces were made from poplar and were cut with rail & stile cutters.  The center panel is made of oak lauan: it was pre-painted white before inserted into the frame pieces.  Once assembled, the outside of the frame was routered with a “wave” profile.

Photo Gallery: Door Construction

Cabinet Construction

Cabinets feature full face frames with 1/2″ reveal all around.  The frames are made of white oak and the cabinets of high-grade Russian birch plywood (the stuff with the3 thin ply’s).  We had flattened and planed a load of oak before the project started and rough-cut the eleven sheets of plywood we bought for the project.

The rough oak used for the face frames before machining. These boards are 2″ thick white oak, covered in mouse poop, and very rough. They are also warped in both directions and needed to be flattened with a sled passed through a thickness planer (many, many times given that they are oak and the largest cut one can take is about 1/32″).

ONE 12 foot board weighs 95 pounds and even a 4 foot board weighs about 30 (almost 40 with the metal sled attached which is required for the first passes through the planer to flatten it!).  They were cut into lengths four or six feet in length, flattened with a thickness planer, and cut into 1-by-2 pieces (actually one inch by 1.75 inches to be later planed to 3/4 inch thick by 1.5 inches wide).

Laminating two 1-by-2’s to make a 1-by-3″ board for the top header of the cabinet. The cabinets will be only 1/2″ down from the ceiling and the wide top header will allow addition of a small crown molding later. This board still needs to be planed to a finished thickness of 3/4″

This frame, for the largest wall cabinet at the rear of the kitchen, was almost too large for my workshop and the cabinet needed to be built face-down. Built of white oak, the frame measures 84″ wide by 40.5″ high and will feature five doors.

All joints are glued and pocket-screwed from the rear so not a single nail or screw is visible! Grooves were routered for the plywood and in the bottom frame piece a groove was routered for wires for low-voltage LED strips which will be added under the cabinet.

The frame above screwed and glued onto the cabinet.  This one-piece five door cabinet will be hung on the rear wall of the kitchen after it is painted. The left two openings hold two doors each (which close against each other) and the right opening a single door. The face frame is of white oak and will carry Euro hinges (not visible from the outside) … wood this strong was found to be necessary to carry the weight of the doors and the torque when the doors are opened.

The sides were drilled for shelf clips, around 120 plus holes.

Photo Gallery: Cabinet Construction

The cabinet-grade plywood we bought
beautiful grain
Joints
Prototyping
Dado cuts
Base cabinet painting

Cabinet Painting

We bought an old dining tent cheap on Kijiji and set it up in the garage for a spray booth since I’m using an HVLP gun to do all the painting – nothing produces a nicer finish than an air gun. Added ten computer fans (sealed with no sparks) and air filters to keep air flowing inside the tent during spraying. Finally,  cardboard was put on the floor so I have a clean little booth to spray everything (‘little’, maybe not, since it is 10′ by 10′ and takes up most of the garage). The tent also keeps the damned yellow jackets out!

As seen in the photo to the right, I dressed for painting (or a major plague). Had a few old cleanroom suits that are perfect for the job.  The paint is pretty nasty stuff while spraying.

Since the cabinets were placed inside the tent for painting, we mounted two 40W tubes in there as well for better lighting.

Installing the Cabinets

The upper cabinets were installed first.  The process began with removal of the old cabinets – easy enough since this involves only removal of screws – but then the problem became removal of the bulkheads above the old cabinets.  These bulkheads were open to the attic above and were filled with pink insulation.  After removing the insulation (which was blown-in and so a real mess) the bulkheads were cut out leaving long holes open to the attic.  The next problem became relocating wires which were run inside those bulkheads.  With little slack to spare, wiring was run into slots cut into the wall and top header 2-by-4’s.  As per code, nailing plates of thick metal were secured over the wire where it was close to the surface of the studs.

One wire was relocated entirely, and a few spare wires removed, a vapour barrier was taped over the openings and drywall screwed in place.  The exposed area in the attic was then re-insulated with fiberglass batts.   A quick coat of drywall compound on the corner and joints and the cabinets were ready to go up (a “quick” coat since the majority of the joints are behind the cabinets and so will never be seen).

And during all of this, we are still using the kitchen so we keep moving dishes, glasses, and everything else in the cupboards around!

Photo Gallery: Wall Cabinet Installation

Currently

This project is still ongoing and I will post more updates as we go!   Currently five wall cabinets are mounted (sans doors … they will be coming in the spring of 2018).